We normally teach passives in a straight forward way. The subject of a passive verb receives the action of the verb. "The answer was given by Paul."
But the other day I was translating with my son and we came across one of those weird passives. In Matt 8:26 we read, "Then getting up (εγερθεις) he rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm." In what sense was Jesus "was raise" (passive)?
Lets talk about passives. There are several types.